The manufacture of the fabric

The fabric is the foundation of our business. Therefore it is interesting to understand its manufacture.

As a whole, the development of a tissue is an extremely complicated process. This requires substantial investment in terms of expertise and machine.

This is a simplified version of the manufacturing process of the fabric but it helps to understand the main lines.

TEXTILES IN GENERAL

Any fabric is made from what is called a 'textile', it is our raw material.

Originally a textile is a material that can be divided into fibers or filaments but can also be applied to the result after processing : the end product.

Cotton, flax, hemp and other natural or synthetic materials are textiles.

SPINNING

The first step is to transform this raw material into something manageable and robust : the wire.The manufacture of spinning a yarn or requires prior steps :

  • separating the fibers of the textile (spinning)
  • cleaning of the raw material (ginning)
  • phase and a loosening of parallel fibers (carding and combing)

In general, the realization of the wire consists of three steps :

  • several filaments are drawn together and hemp wick in
  • the wick is rolled into wire by twisting
  • the coil wire is set to be woven

WEAVING

The method used for weaving is relatively simple.

The fabric is the result of the intersection of wires arranged in a direction of 'chain' and wires arranged perpendicular to the chain in the sense of 'frame'.

The bonding between the chain wires and frame wires is defined by 'armor'. We distinguish three broad classes of basic armor: plain, twill, satin. These are three different ways to 'cross' the wire of warp and weft.

THE FINISHING

This last step is to modify the properties of the fabric 'gross'. Out of a fabric woven in a trade is never a large piece of cloth without any peculiarity if its thickness or resistance.

The techniques of finishing services are designed to colorized tissue or make it waterproof example.

Of course, you can print on a fabric patterns. The fabric is then bleached before printing to give color contrast and brightness desired.

The coating is another type of treatment that can elevate the tissue. The fabric is covered with a thin layer of acrylic, which makes it completely waterproof.

Other techniques for finishing finishing say:

  • calendering
  • sanforizing
  • the emery